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MVS Craft Information
Jun 17, 2019

USPS is Testing Self-Driving Trucks

June 14, 2019

  • Recently, the USPS conducted an automotive mail haul pilot program test for a 1,000-mile trip between Phoenix and Dallas. From Bloomberg to NPR, headlines read, “USPS is Testing Self-Driving Trucks.”  

The results of this pilot have not been shared with the public or the Union, something that the MVS Department is greatly concerned about and have demanded a meeting on. Furthermore, the Postal Service has said that “this pilot is just one of many ways the Postal Service is innovating and investing in its future.”

Currently, regulations are in place that limit the testing and use of automated vehicles. However, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) are considering changes to the rules that would allow driverless vehicles on the road. They announced an “Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking” (ANPRM) in the May 28, 2019 Federal Register.

Automated commercial vehicles and hauling is not an investment in the safety of citizens on the road, professional TTO/MVO drivers, or an investment in the future of USPS skilled labor.

But there is something you can do about it: Submit a comment or concern to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration calling for for regulation of automated vehicles for the safety of drivers, citizens, and the future of our jobs!

Comments will ONLY be accepted on or before July 29, 2019, and can be submitted using docket number FMCSA-2018-0037 or NHTSA-2019-0036 at

“Big corporations are attempting to substitute automation for skilled and professional drivers. It is up to all of us: Members, officers, the Grand Alliance and the whole community, to request the FMCSA take a serious review,” said Motor Vehicle Service Director Michael O. Foster, “The requirements for these tests should be at least as stringent as the requirements for a professional driver operating commercial vehicles on the streets with our families and the public at risk.”

“When the USPS requested an exemption for the Hours of Service (HOS), that the Highway Route Contractors (HCRs) could operate - on the same streets and highways that these driverless vehicles propose to operate on - we asked our friends and network to comment and list their concerns - they did and it made a difference,” Director Foster continued.

“These changes will affect people’s lives and the safety of our streets. The rules and conditions that would allow an automated driverless commercial motor vehicle to operate must be thoroughly investigated and regulated,” he cautioned.

May 23, 2019

'Keep on Truckin' Baby Again

(This article first appeared in the March/April 2019 issue of the American Postal Worker magazine) 

By MVS Division Director Michael O. Foster

In early 2018, the USPS began deploying new cargo trucks and spotters, on a one-for-one replacement of the trucks in use at the time. The Postal Service continues to replace its aging fleet, and tractors are next in line. Many of the current tractors have over 1 million miles and are on their last leg.

On Jan. 29-31, in South Bend, IN, the APWU attended the First Article Testing (FAT) the Postal Service conducted on the Cab-Behind-Engine (CBE) tractor trailers, built by Navistar International Trucks, formerly International Harvester Company.

Several of our MVS Craft representatives across the country braved record inclement weather to participate in the FAT, which included an opportunity to observe and operate the test vehicles. The opinion of the APWU team members is these vehicles appear to be a welcome improvement to the Postal fleet.

The initial purchase of 1579 CBE vehicles includes 1040 single-axle tractors and 539 tandem-axle tractors. A second purchase order of 221 Cab-Over-Engine (COE) tractors will follow shortly. The replacement of the tractors, as was the case with the cargo trucks, will be a one-for-one replacement beginning sometime in the middle of May 2019.

These vehicles are equipped with a keyless entry system and a separate keyless start system in addition to the oldfashioned key entry and start system. The keyless system will take some time to get used to, as it comes equipped with certain features requiring initial training.

These modern-day tractors are also equipped with an ‘On Command Connection’ (OCC) system which has the capacity to store information in the cloud.

The Postal Service also had the manufacturer install the ‘Bendix Wingman Advanced Adaptive Cruise Control” with collision mitigation and stationary object alert. This system will assist the driver with collision avoidance by sounding a buzzer and a red signal on the dashboard if the driver is too close, or 1.5 seconds from a moving vehicle or stationary object.

The items of concern that the APWU team representatives brought to the Postal Service’s attention for the CBE tractors can be viewed here. We identified a serious concern with the coupling and uncoupling of the tractor and trailer. Navistar and the Postal Service promised to provide the APWU with a video demonstrating the various angles and conditions our drivers regularly experience when coupling and uncoupling the two vehicles.

Electric – Is it the Future?

On Jan. 16-17, First Article Testing was held in Milpitas, CA for the ‘Intermediate Delivery 2-Ton Step’ Van – an allelectric vehicle.

This vehicle is a prototype tested for a one-year period only in California. This is a project between the Postal Service and CALSTART, a non-profit organization working nationally and internationally with business and governments to develop clean, efficient transportation solutions.

This is a regular standard delivery two-ton postal vehicle, where the manufacturer, Cummins Inc. (EDI), replaced the combustion engine with an all-electric direct drive system requiring no shifting other than to go forward or backwards.

This is a high voltage vehicle that operates at over 400 volts. It is equipped with two battery packs; each pack has seven batteries weighing 165 pounds each.

Surprisingly, the vehicle passed all criteria requirements and exceeded its requirements in many areas, despite being fully loaded with over 3700 pounds.

Some of the drawbacks for this particular vehicle were:

  • High-voltage batteries requiring 8-9 hours to fully charge
  • A total driving distance of only 77-100 miles when fully charged

The vehicles will be tested for a year, before any purchasing decisions will be made.

Participants in the FATs were members and officers from around the country. We would like to thank:

Felix Colon – Puget Sound Area Local
Marvin Smith – Atlanta Metro Area Local
Kermit Chatman – Detroit District Area Local
Ray Scanlon – Baltimore Francis Stu Fibley Area Local
Jerome Pittman – Western MVS NBA
Joseph LaCapria – Northeast MVS NBA
Javier Piñeres – Assistant Director MVS

Sep 17, 2018

Holiday Peak Exception Period Terms Also Reached

Major Win for the MVS Craft - POM 1995 Language Restored


09/13/2018 - When the USPS made changes to Chapters 5 and 7 of the Postal Operations Manual (POM) in 1995, APWU challenged the changes as not fair, reasonable, and equitable. While USPS agreed to restore the language in 2007 and again in 2012, they never did. APWU never stopped fighting. On August 28, we reached an agreement with the USPS to restore the language within 12 weeks. "This language is significant because it protects work that is presently being performed in the MVS Craft," said Michael Foster, Motor Vehicle Service (MVS) Division Director.

In addition to winning the fight to restore POM language, APWU MVS teams reached an agreement for the Holiday Peak Season Exception Periods. The previous Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for MVS was signed as part of the 2015-2018 CBA, and will expire September 20 with the CBA. A new MOU was necessary to ensure our full rights are upheld during the holiday season. APWU negotiators were able to reach a fair deal with the USPS. Under the new MOU, the Peak Season Exception Period will run from November 10, 2018 - Jan 4, 2019, and the USPS is required to "make every effort to ensure that available MVS craft PTFs are utilized at the straight-time rate prior to assigning such work to MVAs."

 POM Signed Agreement (58.53 KB)
 MVS Holiday MOU (69.62 KB)

Jun 07, 2018

'Keep on Truckin' Baby'

(This article first appeared in the May-June 2018 issue of The American Postal Worker magazine) 

MVS Director Michael Foster (fifth from right) and
Assistant MVS Director Javier Piñeres (far left) with MVS members
and USPS representatives in front of newly tested cargo trucks.

By Motor Vehicle Service Craft Directors 

New USPS cargo trucks and spotters were scheduled to begin deployment in April. The Postal Service conducted the First Article Testing (FAT) on the Ottawa Spotters and the Peterbilt 18' and 24' cab-over and cab behind engines. The spotters were tested in Ottawa, KS and the cargo trucks were tested in New Carlisle, IN.

The purchase of these vehicles is scheduled to be one-for-one replacements of the present spotters and cargo trucks. In the opinion of the MVS operators who drove them daily, the replacement is long overdue. The normal replacement cycle of postal vehicles is eight years for trucks and 12 years for trailers. Many of these vehicles have over 1,000,000 miles, which is virtually unheard of in intra-city transportation, or the Postal Service.

According to Article 39.3.B, the union has the opportunity to participate in the FAT and submit our observations within 14 days (copy of the Cargo Truck letter can be found on

Various authorized APWU MVS Craft representatives from around the country participated in the FAT by observing and driving the new vehicles at both locations. Their overall opinions were that these trucks are a vast improvement over the present fleet and, with proper training and upkeep, should serve the USPS and our customers for years to come.

Among the issues that the APWU representatives brought to the Postal Service’s attention for the spotters were:

  • Replace the bracket for the Glad Hand holders,
  • Replace the ¼ fenders with full flexible fenders,
  • Concern with the spacing between the mud guard and the rear tire,
  • Set the air cut off to 130 PSI (it is presently set at 120 PSI).

The testing for cargo trucks was a more in-depth process. For the first time, cameras and pictures were not allowed because these tests were conducted on the NaviStar testing grounds. In the past, the union has always been allowed to take pictures of postal equipment.

We identified the following issues with the cargo trucks:

  • No cargo lights in the cargo area,
  • Rear area of the box is missing the two-foot diamond plate (the drivers may slip and lose balance),
  • Fill floor gap drain channel at rear door to prevent equipment wheels from getting stuck,
  • Cab-over model will cause some discomfort for our larger drivers.

With the purchase of the new vehicles, the union hopes that someone in authority at USPS headquarters realizes the value of the PVS operators to the Postal Service and will abandon their efforts to contract us out.

Thanks to the participants of both FATs.

  • Sal Zapien, San Jose Area Local
  • Rico Cameron, Detroit District Area Local
  • William Drew, Boston Metro Area Local
  • Michelle Elliott, Chicago Local
  • Dennis Spriggs, Flushing (NY) Local
  • Dave Cook, St. Paul Area Local
  • Louie DeLillo, Greater Connecticut Area Local
  • Tiwanna Rogers, Detroit District Area Local 

Page Last Updated: Jun 17, 2019 (08:02:09)
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